It consisted of the components space shuttle (orbiter), with three reusable main engines reusable main engines, an external fuel tank and two solid rockets with a total launch thrust of a total launch thrust of 12.46 MN (1,270,566 kp). The space shuttle could simultaneously carry 24.5 payload and 7 astronauts into a low Earth orbit between 200 and 650 kilometers above the Earth. orbit altitude. The first launch of a space shuttle into space took place on 12 April 1981 with the space shuttle "Columbia".
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